China published its first diagnostic and treatment guidelines for monkeypox on June 15, 2022. The Chinese government has said the virus can be spread through close contact and through droplets, saying most patients They can recover without special treatment.
The guideline was issued by the National Health Commission, as the global count of the contagious disease rises and World Health Organization (WHO) experts debate whether or not to declare the outbreak a public health emergency of concern. international.
According to the World Health Organization, Monkeypox is an emerging infectious disease caused by a virus transmitted by infected animals, most commonly rodents. It can then spread from person to person, but person-to-person transmission alone cannot support an outbreak.
Smallpox was eradicated worldwide in 1980. However, monkeypox is still sporadically present in parts of central and western Africa near tropical rainforests, the WHO said.
According to the Chinese directive, the monkeypox virus is mainly transmitted through close contact with an infected person and can spread through respiratory droplets or contact with contaminated material. It can also pass between mother and baby during pregnancy or childbirth.
The disease is often self-limited, but severe cases can occur in young children or people with weakened immune systems. The case fatality rate for the West African strain is 3%, while for the Congo Basin variant it can be as high as 10%.
“The incubation period for monkeypox ranges from 5 to 21 days. Suspected and confirmed cases need to be admitted to isolation wards, but there is currently no treatment available that directly addresses the disease.”the board said.
“Local health authorities should organize monkeypox training and improve capacities to rapidly detect, report, isolate and treat cases”said the National Health Commission.
The WHO said at a news conference on Tuesday that it had received reports of 1,600 confirmed cases and 1,500 suspected cases of monkeypox from 39 countries this year. Among them, 32 countries are newly affected by the virus and the strain detected there is the West African variant, which is the least deadly.
“The global outbreak of monkeypox is clearly unusual and concerning,” WHO Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus said. The latter explained that “For this reason, I have decided to convene the emergency committee next week. […] to assess whether this outbreak represents a public health emergency of international concern.”
Rosamund Lewis, a specialist in the variole du singe à l’OMS, pointed out that the WHO put in place a mécanisme visant à déployer des vaccins contra la variole – une maladie étroitement liée à la variole du singe – dans les pays qui en they need.
The WHO does not currently recommend mass vaccinations. by his side, China has not reported any cases of monkeypox so far, but domestic researchers have started ramping up testing capabilities.
Xu Wenbo, director of the National Institute for Viral Disease Control and Prevention at the China Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (China CDC), said the institute had developed a PCR test technology targeting the monkeypox and had examined its sensitivity and specificity against West African smallpox. Pressure. “China is able to quickly identify imported cases of monkeypox” assured the latter.