Allergic to cow’s milk protein: what to eat?

Cow’s milk protein allergy affects 2 to 7% of children and is rare in adults. Many foods contain milk protein and should be eliminated from the diet. These are the forbidden foods.

L’cow’s milk protein allergy (CMPA) is one of the most common allergies in young children. she disappears in 90% of cases before 3 years. In adults, allergy to milk protein is very rare. CMPA is a food allergy defined by a immunological reaction against one or more milk proteins. Milk contains many proteins that can be allergenic: caseins, lactalbumin, beta-lactoglobulin… Caseins and beta-lactoglobulin are the most implicated. L’intolerance cow’s milk protein is not an allergy but a digestion problem with lactase deficiency. East Lactose intolerance it is exceptional in newborns and usually appears after 3 years of age.

Forbidden foods containing cow’s milk protein

Cow’s milk is found in different forms in butter, milk and cream, but also, for example, in biscuits, ready meals and sauces.

the cow’s milk protein they are in:

  • fresh milk
  • Long lasting milk.
  • Powdered concentrated milk.
  • Formula milk.
  • Infant milk 1st age.
  • The so-called “hypoallergenic” milks.
  • The cheeses.
  • The little Swiss.
  • White cheese.
  • yogurts
  • Milk-based desserts such as flans, creams and ice creams.
  • The butter.
  • the margarine
  • the creams
  • The patisseries.
  • desserts, ice cream
  • chocolate powders
  • the mash
  • the Mayo
  • Bechamel sauce
  • Bread, sliced ​​bread and biscuits.
  • The chocolate.
  • the candies
  • Brioches, milk bread, chocolate bread.
  • sour candy
  • commercial pastries
  • Cookies containing milk.
  • Commercial puree.
  • Industrial soups.
  • White ham except superior quality ham
  • turkey and chicken ham
  • The meals prepared…

suits remove all products containing one of the following terms: milk, milk protein, whey protein, milk casein, milk caseinate, milk lactalbumin, lactose, margarine, cream, butter.

What are the names of the cow’s milk proteins on the labels?

Cow’s milk proteins are present in the diet in different forms. The presence of cow’s milk proteins (CMP) is indicated on the product labeling by the commercial references:

  • cow’s milk protein
  • Milk
  • whey protein
  • Casein.
  • Caseinates
  • Serum
  • Serum
  • lactalbumin
  • serum albumin

Can you also be allergic to goat or sheep milk?

A person allergic to cow’s milk proteins may have an allergy to goat, sheep, mare, or donkey milk. 90% of cow, goat and sheep milk allergens are common. People allergic to cow’s milk proteins also frequently have soy allergies “In PLV-mediated IgE allergies, there is 12% associated soy allergy, in non-IgE-mediated allergies up to 40%.” says Dr Etienne Bidat, pediatrician pulmonologist in Paris. “Meat-associated allergies are rare, although sensitization to bovine serum albumin (BSA) does exist.”

What can I substitute cow’s milk with?

For babies who are not breastfed and who are allergic to milk proteins, conventional formula milk is replaced by cow’s milk protein hydrolysates. For very severe allergies or in case of polyallergies (various food allergies), may prescribe amino acid preparations. “Some babies may benefit from a rice milk” suitable for babies”. says Dr. Etienne Bidat. “After 6 months, the recommendations indicate that we can use the soy productsbut baby-friendly products (and not the soy juice found in supermarkets), this at best after exclusion of soy sensitization by testing.

the vegetable milks can replace cow’s milk for children and adults allergic to cow’s milk protein. Prefer soy milk, the richest in protein.

Thanks to Dr. Etienne Bidat, Pediatric Pulmonary Allergist in Paris.

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