In Brussels, the first steps of the “European political community”

Emmanuel Macron had launched the idea, on May 9, in the grounds of the Strasbourg Parliament: the “political community” proposed by the Head of State to assure the candidate countries, Ukraine at the head, to the European Union, would experience its baptism of fire in Brussels on Thursday, June 23, during a summit of Heads of State and Government of the Twenty – Seven. Before handing over the rotating presidency of the Council of the European Union (EU) to the Czech Republic, on 1it is July, Paris waits for him to project, source of tensions over the capitals of central and eastern Europe, he will appear in the conclusions du sommet, voire qu’une date sera esquissée, au second semester, pour son official launch d’ici à la fin of the year.

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The expected attribution of the status of EU candidates to Ukraine and Moldova, which has accelerated the return to war in Europe, could facilitate a compromise along these lines among the Twenty-seven: the Baltic countries or Poland put as a condition before talking about the French proposal. To convince, French diplomacy has since made its intentions clear. “The European political community would not be an alternative to accession to the European Union and would not replace the enlargement process”, this is confirmed by a French document sent to the Twenty-seven, as a prelude to the summit: “On the contrary, it would make it possible to strengthen ties with the Member States of the Union before accession, both at the political level and by supporting participation in certain EU policies, including, where appropriate, through gradual integration into its internal market. , assures this text, of which The world took notice.

“light legal structure”

“The European political community would be configured as a light legal structure, endowed with decision-making capacity, respecting the decision-making autonomy of the European Union and of each of the States that [la] Constitution “, specifies this document. According to Paris, this new set “it would meet several times a year at the level of Heads of State and Government, as well as at the ministerial level”, and it could have a small steering body, backed by the institutions in Brussels.

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“However, there is a real job of persuasion to be done, because the proposal raises both interest and questions,” observes Sébastien Maillard, director of the Jacques-Delors Institute, one of the laboratories of ideas that very soon addressed the issue, at the request of its president, Enrico Letta. The former Italian Prime Minister prefers to speak of a “confederacy”, like the proposal, in vain, by François Mitterrand in December 1989, just over a month after the fall of the Berlin Wall.

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