here are the rules to follow to avoid them


  • Prioritizing a healthy lifestyle has a beneficial impact on heart health.
  • Cardiovascular diseases are the second leading cause of death in France after cancer.

Cardiovascular or cardio-neurovascular diseases are the first cause of death in the world, but they are not inexorable.

In fact, we can have a take on some of the factors that contribute to the risk of heart disease, including behavioral risks such as smoking, insufficient physical activity and sedentary lifestyle, unbalanced diet, excessive alcohol consumption, stress and certain sleep disorders.

Of smoking

smoking contributes to the buildup of plaque in the arteries, increases the risk of blood clots, reduces the oxygen supply in the blood, causing the heart to work unnecessarily.

after a study by quitting smoking for good, cardiovascular risks are reduced five years after quitting, by an average of 39%.

In France, 25% of smoking-related deaths are due to cardiovascular causes and in the United States, cigarettes are responsible for 20% of cardiovascular deaths.

i need to move

Regarding physical activity, international recommendations insist on the need to move to fight against cardiovascular mortality.

Indeed, physical activity would be our best ally, although certain repetitive physical activities such as carrying heavy loads can be harmful, according to Inserm.

It is mainly endurance physical activity that is recommended for the heart, ideally every day for 30 minutes.

The important thing is not to remain sedentary: the risk of cardiovascular disease in inactive people compared to active people is multiplied from 2 to 6 according to epidemiological studies.

protection factor

Nutrition is a protective or risk factor for many diseases, including cardiovascular ones, so Public Health France recommends increasing the proportion of fruits and vegetables, legumes, unsalted nuts and homemade nuts in the diet, preferably consuming whole grains and reducing sugary products and sugary drinks, salty products, sausages, meats (pork, veal, lamb, offal ).

A lot of studies have shown that eating more plant-based foods can reduce the risk of developing heart disease at any age.


Other factors include lack of sleep has a profound impact on cardiovascular health and severe chronic stress can damage heart health:

“Intense stress has a very strong effect on the sympathetic autonomic nervous system that causes great stimulation of the heart directly, as well as through hormones such as adrenaline. These changes cause the heart to beat faster, cause serious cardiac arrhythmias, or can cause the coronary arteries to constrict.” explains Dr. Martin JuneauCardiologist and Director of Prevention, Montreal Heart Institute.

In addition, people who are stressed or sleep-deprived tend to engage in behaviors that are bad for their heart and overall health, such as drinking too much alcohol, eating more sugar, and smoking.

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