Migraine is a “throbbing headache that occurs in attacks.” Its pain, often intense, varies according to the profile of the people, as does the recurrence of the attacks. Sometimes it is accompanied by nausea or intolerance to noise and/or light. Although it is considered benign, migraine is considered a disease that has a strong impact on the quality of life of those affected. In fact, it impacts affective relationships and also professional activities. In France, migraine affects 12% of adults and 5 to 10% of children, that is, 11 million people. Women are 2 to 3 times more affected than men. A third of patients have never consulted and resort to self-medication. Heat migraines can be explained by physiological and meteorological reasons. When temperatures rise, migraines become more frequent. Let’s see more precisely what this evil is, the causes of the problem and, finally, we will stop at some methods to stop these migraines linked to the heat wave. Follow the guide!
Heat migraines, what is it?
These headaches are also weather dependent. In summer, high temperatures do not help, they accentuate the problem. In fact, significant variations in temperature can give you a headache. This comes from vasodilation or vasoconstriction of the blood vessels. As it can be anxiety or certain foods, heat is a triggering factor.
This activates the nerve endings present in the wall of the vessels surrounding the brain and dilates the surrounding arteries. Heat migraines are the result of increased blood flow leading to inflammation. This then causes headaches. Migraineurs are sensitive to heat because heat dilates the vessels in the brain.
Finally, note that this problem can also be caused by a lack of hydration problem. You do not ignore that the lack of water leads to a malfunction of the brain. Heat increases the risk of dehydration, which is why headaches are more frequent in the event of a heat wave. Also, if despite good hydration, the headache persists and is associated with other symptoms, then you are in the clutches of a heatstroke for which it is necessary to react quickly. To do this, first place a cold compress on your forehead or apply ice cubes wrapped in a towel to your temple, behind your neck, or on your forehead.
Then start drinking water regularly, cold, but not ice cold. Also, sit in the shade or in a cool place. To ensure intake, take paracetamol and rest. If symptoms persist or worsen, it is imperative to consult a doctor.
To avoid migraines in the event of a heat spike or during a heat wave, certain actions should be taken:
- Drinking water regularly
- Stay in the shade or in a cool room
- Wear light clothing made from natural materials like cotton.
- Avoid drink alcohol or very sweet drinks
- Consume fruits and vegetables rich in water such as watermelon.
- Avoid do sport between 11 a.m. and 4 p.m.
- Protect your head with a hat or cap.
- Also beware of prolonged stay in a confined and overheated space, such as the passenger compartment of the car.
The miracle solution against migraines: massage!
Nothing like a massage to help you get over your headaches. If you’re lucky enough to have someone available to help you, here’s what you can do: First, sit in a chair and ask the person to stand behind you. The massage is done with the thumbs, using a slight pressure. Then follow our tips:
- Start at the back, at the height of the shoulder blades, pressing simultaneously on both sides of the spine
- Rise every 2 or 3 cm to the base of the skull
- Continue over the skull, on each side of the midline, to the forehead.
- Finish the massage with pressure on the trapezius region, the muscle group that forms the top of the shoulders.
Here is another variant of massage in case you are alone:
- Place your thumbs on either side of your face applying simple pressure from the root of your nose.
- Follow the top of the eyelids.
- Continue to the temples
- Then put your thumbs in each nostril.
- Make successive pressures along the cheekbones to the ears
- Practice a final line of pressure from the corners of the mouth that continues to the earlobes.
Without a doubt, this type of massage should calm you down and relieve your painful migraines. Anyway, that’s what we hope for you!